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One undesired area of TEFL is lesson planning. However, whether a lesson is observed or not requires a plan. An unobserved lesson will usually have a plan written on a piece of paper or noted in the teacher's mind. However, today we are looking at some tips and techniques associated with lesson planning.
- Aims: As a teacher, put yourself in the place of the student. Think about what they will achieve at the end of the lesson and this will be your aim. Makes it easier to write.
- Staged: Think about the main activity of the lesson and then ask yourself how the lesson will get there. What stages will be prior and after the main task? If you can answer these, then you are one step towards understanding how best to stage your lesson.
- Feedback: Include an area on feedback after a production stage. For example, if you are focusing on speaking as the main activity, try to think about including a feedback which will look at examples of speaking and how best to develop the learners' language ability.
- Sticky Plan: Most teachers will put their aims down on the desk but I have found placing the lesson plan up on the whiteboard more suitable. You will not have your head down on your desk and you can refer to it throughout the lesson. It is just next to you so that you can check it while you are by the whiteboard.
- Go With The Flow: You don't need to follow your plan religiously but you can take a little detour. Sometimes the best lesson are those where a detour has happened. If you are too rigid, you will find yourself unable to accommodate any requests or questions by the learners.
Well, I hope this has helped and that you are able to plan your lessons better. What tips do you have when planning lessons? Do you have a rough plan and then see what happens or do you prefer to get everything nailed to a 'T' before starting your lessons? Don't forget to let me know what area of teaching you would like to be covered for tomorrow in the comments below.